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Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador
Total Area: 1,285,220 square km (land: 1.28 million sq km, water: 5220 sq km), slightly smaller than Alaska.
Border countries: Bolivia (900 km), Brazil (1560 km), Chile (160 km), (Colombia 2900 km), Ecuador (1420 km)
Climate: Varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west
Lowest point:
Highest point:
Pacific Ocean 0 m
Nevado Huascarán 6768 m
Population: 26,624,582 (July 1999 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 35% (male 4,786,048; female 4,637,280)
15-64 years: 60% (male 8,045,747; female 7,939,760)
Population growth rate: 1.93% (1999 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: Total population: 70.38 years
Male: 68.08 years
Female: 72.78 years (1999 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic
Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara
Capital: Lima
Independence: 28 July 1821 (from Spain)
GDP—composition by sector: Agriculture: 7°
Industry: 37°
Services: 56° (1997)
Industries: Mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing, food processing, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding, metal fabrication
Agriculture—products: Coffee, cotton, sugar cane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish
Currency: 1 nuevo sol (S/.) = 100 centimos
Land use: Arable land:%
Permanent crops: 0%
Permanent pastures: 21%
Forests and woodland: 66%
Other: 10% (1993 est.)
Natural hazards: Earthquakes, tsunamis, flooding, landslides, mild volcanic activity
Environment—current issues: Deforestation; overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes

Courtesy CIA World Factbook

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